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اندیشه من - نگاهی کوتاه به مسخ نوشته فرانتس کافکا



یک رمان کوتاه و خطی است ولی دست کم نگیریدش چرا که به نحو زیرکانه ای احساسات شما را به مبارزه با منطقتان فرا می خواند

این کتاب که به عنوان یکی از کتاب های کافکا در صفحه 180 کتاب تاریخ ادبیات سال سوم دبیرستان معرفی شده و در توصیف اثار کافکا اینگونه بیان می کند:
" داستان های کافکا داستان هایی بسیار ساده و کاملا قابل درک هستند. طرح و سبک آن ها چنان ساده و روشن است که حتی کودکان هم می توانند آن ها را بفهمند . "


شاید بیشتر از تعبیری که کتاب درسی در این رابطه کرده بود تشبیه معلم کلاس درسی به ادم های بیمار یا فلج به همین شخصیت اصلی داستان بود که باعث شد من مشتاق به خواندن این کتاب بشم.

در اخر کتاب من به این فکر کردم که ایا اگر من جای خواهر گرگور بودم باز هم این کار رو انجام می دادم یا عملکرد متفاوتی داشتم ؟ و باید صادقانه بگم که شاید بی رحم تر از این ها هم می بودم 
و ایا اگر من جای گرگور بودم با دیدن همچین رفتاری چه واکنشی نشان می دادم و باز هم دیدم که همین کار را می کردم شاید کمی دیرتر !


نقطه ی به شدت ناراحت کننده داستان این بخش هست:
خواهرش ، برای آغاز سخن دست بر میز کوبید و گفت:" پدر و مادر عزیز ، این وضع را نمی توان ادامه داد . شاید شما متوجه نباشید ، اما من هستم . اصلا حاضر نیستم اسم برادرم را در حضور این جانور به زبان بیاورم ، پس فقط می گویم که باید سعی کنیم از شر این خلاص شویم. ما در حد توان انسانی سعی کرده ایم از او مراقبت کنیم و تا به حال تحملش کرده ایم ، و گمان نکنم که از این بابت مستحق کمترین سرزنشی باشیم."
پدر گرگور زیر لب گفت :"کاملا حق دارد . "

که من رو یاد جمله ای می اورد که از کسی شنیده بودم
 " من زمانی می میرم که تمام کسانی که دوستشان دارم خواهان مرگم شده باشند."

بهر حال خواندن این رمان وقت چندانی را از شما سلب نمی کند و من خواندن این رمان را به شما توصیه می کنم.

*** پانوشت :
1-معنای مسخ در فرهنگ عمید :
دگرگون کردن صورت و برگرداندن ان بصورت زشت تر || و کسی که تغییر شکل یافته و بصورتی زشت در آمده باشد.

معنای مسخ در فرهنگ معاصر فارسی:
حالت یا فرایند تبدیل شدن موجودی به موجودی پست تر و زشت تر

2- بخشی از "درباره مسخ" از ولادیمیر ناباکوف
رساترین تعریفی که می توانیم از هنر به دست دهیم این است : زیبایی به اضافه دریغ.
هر جا زیبایی هست ، دریغ هم هست ، به این دلیل ساده که زیبایی محکوم به فناست : زیبایی همیشه می میرد ، وقتی ماده بمیرد ، رفتار هم می میرد ، وقتی فرد بمیرد ، جهان هم میمیرد . اگر کسی "مسخ" کافکار ا چیزی بیش از یک خیالپردازی حشره شناسانه بداند ، به او تبریک می گویم چون به صف خوانندگان خوب و بزرگ پیوسته است.


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